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Machine M.D.

Machine M.D.

How can we regulate the use of Artificial Intelligence in healthcare to harness its benefits while avoiding the pitfalls?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) will rapidly transform our healthcare system. Already AI devices and applications are being used to support patients in prevention and health promotion, track patient data, triage care, scan medical images, diagnose disease, and make treatment decisions. Across the continuum of care, AI is predicted to assist and potentially substitute for human caregivers, medical service providers, diagnosticians and expert decision-makers. This stands to radically improve healthcare by improving efficiency and timeliness of care. At the same, there is great uncertainty as to whether Canada’s legal and governance structures are equipped to address the diverse concerns raised by AI health technologies. These include concerns related to product safety and efficacy, algorithmic bias, privacy, informed consent to care involving AI, and impact on the provider-patient relationship.

This projects seeks to create a set of policy options for the optimal governance of AI technologies in healthcare in Canada. Through a series of case studies and comparative legal studies (collaborating with scholars in the U.S.A., U.K., France, New Zealand, and Hong Kong), we will analyze existing legal governance of AI in health care and develop proposals to clarify, harmonize, and reform laws as needed. The project is a collaboration between leading scholars, innovators, decision-makers, and medical personnel.

Resources

Florian Martin-Bariteau & Teresa Scassa, eds, Artificial Intelligence and the Law in Canada (Toronto: LexisNexis, 2021).

Ian Kerr & Vanessa Gruben, AIs as Substitutes Decision-Makers (2019) 21 Yale JL & Tech 78.

A Michael Froomkin, Ian Kerr & Joelle Pineau, When AIs Outperform Doctors: Confronting the Challenges of a Tort-Induced Over-Reliance on Machine Learning (2019) 61 Ariz LR 33.

Canadian Medical Protective Association (CMPA), Can I Get an (Artificial) Second Opinion?: Benefits and Risks of AI Technologies in Medicine (Ottawa: CMPA, 2019).

Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR) AI for Health Task Force, Building a Learning Health System for Canadians (Toronto: CIFAR, 2020).

Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC), Task Force Report on Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Digital Technologies (Ottawa: RCPSC, 2020).

David W Bates et al., The Potential of Artificial Intelligence to Improve Patient Safety: A Scoping Review (2021) 4(1) npj Digit Med 54.

Recent Publications

AI and Healthcare: A Fusion of Law and Science – An Introduction to the Issues. Toronto: Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. 2021.
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AI and Healthcare: A Fusion of Law and Science – Regulation of Medical Devices. Toronto: Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. 2021.
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Français >

Artificial Intelligence in Canadian Healthcare: Will the Law Protect Us from Algorithmic Bias Resulting in Discrimination? Bradley Henderson, Colleen M. Flood, and Teresa Scassa. 2021.

Recent Media

Event Videos

December 7, 2020

AI in Healthcare

Anna Goldenberg
Sickkids Research Institute

Colleen M. Flood
Director, CHLPE

June 1, 2019

Regulation Safety and Quality of AI in Healthcare

A. Michael Froomkin
Professor, Law
University of Miami

Vanessa Gruben
Professor, Law
University of Ottawa
(Slides)

Nathan Cortez
Professor, Law
Southern Methodist University, Dallas
(Slides)

June 1, 2019

Protecting Privacy and Security in Machine Medicine

Florian Martin-Bariteau
Professor, Law
University of Ottawa

Céline Castets-Renard
Professor, Law
University of Ottawa

Teresa Scassa
Professor, Law
University of Ottawa

(Slides)

June 1, 2019

Bias by AI

Jason Millar
Professor, Philosophy
University of Ottawa
(Slides)

Catherine Régis
Professor, Law
Université de Montréal

June 1, 2019

From AI Innovation to Healthcare Markets: Barriers and Facilitators

Dr. Kumanan Wilson
Physician, Internal Medicine
The Ottawa Hospital

Frank Rudzicz
Professor, Computer Science
University of Toronto

Mari Teitelbaum
Chief Innovation Officer
CHEO

Patricia Kosseim
Lawyer
Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt LLP

June 1, 2019

AI in Healthcare: Neurotechnologies

Jennifer Chandler
Professor, Law
University of Ottawa
(Slides)

Tiago Mestre
Physician, Neurology
University of Ottawa
(Slides)

Adam Sachs
Physician, Neurosurgery
University of Ottawa
(Slides)

June 1, 2019

Compassionate Care in an Era of AI: Adapting Health Professions Education

Brian Hodges
Physician, Psychiatry
Executive Vice President Education and Chief Medical Officer
University Health Network, Toronto

Nicolas P. Terry
Professor, Law
Indiana University

May 31, 2019

Machine M.D. Keynote

Peter Asaro
Professor, Media Studies
The New School, New York

Nathan Cortez
Professor, Law
Southern Methodist University, Dallas
(Slides)

Joelle Pineau
Professor, Computer Science
McGill University
(Slides)

Colleen M. Flood
Professor, Law
University of Ottawa
(Slides)

Team Leads

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Colleen Flood

Colleen Flood

Professor
Faculty of Law
University of Ottawa

Colleen M. Flood is Professor at the University of Ottawa and a University Research Chair in Health Law & Policy. She is also inaugural Director of the University of Ottawa Centre for Health Law, Policy and Ethics. From 2000–2015 she was a Professor and Canada Research Chair at the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto, with cross-appointments to the School of Public Policy and the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation. From 2006–2011 she served as Scientific Director at the Canadian Institute for Health Services and Policy Research (CIHR). Her primary areas of scholarship are comparative health care law and policy, public/private financing of health care systems, health care reform, constitutional law, administrative law, and accountability and governance issues more broadly.

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Anna Goldenberg

Anna Goldenberg

Senior Scientist, Genetics and Genome Biology
SickKids Research Institute

Dr Goldenberg is a Senior Scientist in Genetics and Genome Biology program at SickKids Research Institute. In 2018 she was appointed as the first Varma Family Chair in Biomedical Informatics and Artificial Intelligence. She is also an Associate Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Toronto, faculty member and an Associate Research Director, Health at Vector Institute and a fellow and AI Chair at the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR), Child and Brain Development group. Dr Goldenberg trained in machine learning at Carnegie Mellon University, with a post-doctoral focus in computational biology and medicine. The current focus of her lab is on developing machine learning methods that capture heterogeneity and identify disease mechanisms in complex human diseases as well as developing risk prediction and early warning clinical systems.

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Catherine Regis

Catherine Regis

Canada Research Chair in Collaborative Culture in Health Law and Policy
Université de Montréal

Catherine Regis is a full professor at the University of Montreal Law Faculty, holder of a Canada Research Chair in health law and policy and an expert for the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI).  She is a researcher at Mila (Quebec Institute in Artificial Intelligence), the University of Montreal Hospital Research Center (CRCHUM) and the International Observatory on the Societal Impacts of AI and Digital Technology (OBVIA). Catherine participated in the creation of the Montreal Declaration for a responsible development of artificial intelligence and currently leads the Digital Innovation & AI Lab for the U7+, an international alliance regrouping more than 50 universities around the world. Her research focuses on the regulation of AI in health care and of digital innovation more broadly.

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Teresa Scassa

Teresa Scassa

Canada Research Chair in Information Law and Policy
University of Ottawa

Dr. Teresa Scassa is the Canada Research Chair in Information Law and Policy at the University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law. She is a co-editor of the books AI and the Law in Canada and Law and the Sharing Economy, and is the author of Canadian Trademark Law. She is co-author of Digital Commerce in Canada, and Canadian Intellectual Property Law. She currently serves on the Canadian Advisory Council on Artificial Intelligence. She is a member of the Centre for Law, Technology and Society, where she is part of the Scotiabank AI & Society Initiative. Her research interests include: privacy law, data governance, intellectual property law, law and technology, law and artificial intelligence, and smart cities.

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Team

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Sylvain Bédard

Sylvain Bédard

Patient Coordinator
Centre of Excellence on Partnership with Patients and the Public
Université de Montréal

Sylvain Bédard first heard the word transplantation in 1980 when he was diagnosed with HCM( hypertrophic cardiomeapathy), a heart disease that had just killed his 18-year-old sister. Heart transplant recipient in 2000, he then climbed Mont-Blanc (4,800 m), and later in 2004 the Sajama Mountain in Bolivia (6,500 m). To describe Sylvain's medical adventure includes arrhythmia, 3 times peace-defibrillator implant, embolism, major disc, and many other health problems. But always with a smile!

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Cécile Bensimon

Cécile Bensimon

Director of Ethics and Professional Affairs
Canadian Medical Association

Cécile M. Bensimon is Director of Ethics and Professional Affairs at the Canadian Medical Association (CMA) and Chair of the Research Ethics Board (REB) at the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO). She earned her PhD from the Institute of Medical Science and Joint Centre for Bioethics at the University of Toronto. Previously, Cécile was at the University of Toronto Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy and Faculty of Dentistry after returning from a visiting scholarship at Tel Aviv University’s Sackler School of Medicine in humanitarian and disaster ethics. Cécile has served as an ethics advisor for various levels of government during the H1N1 pandemic and the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Marc Bilodeau

Marc Bilodeau

Family Physician and Surgeon General
Canadian Armed Forces

Major-General Marc Bilodeau has been serving as a family physician in the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) since 2000. He has occupied several staff, leadership and command positions within the CAF, either in Canada or abroad (Afghanistan/Europe). He is presently the CAF Surgeon General, the highest ranked position for the Canadian military health system. Since 2013, he has been as a surveyor for Accreditation Canada and completed a Master’s in Public Administration.  He has also chaired the College of Family Physicians of Canada (CFPC)’s Patient Medical Home steering committed in addition to co-chairing the Health Standards Organization’s Technical Committee on Primary Health Care.

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Jennifer Chandler

Jennifer Chandler

Professor of Law
University of Ottawa

Jennifer Chandler researches the legal and ethical aspects of biomedical science and technology. She is internationally recognized for her research and writing in the law and ethics of mental health and the brain sciences. She is a former member of the Board of Directors of the International Neuroethics Society, and serves on a number of international editorial and advisory boards boards in the field. She is co-editor of the book Law and Mind: Mental Health Law and Policy in Canada (LexisNexis Canada 2016). Jennifer also holds the Bertram Loeb Chair in Organ Donation and Transplantation Research, a field that has intersections with mind/brain law at issues such as neurological determination of death (brain death) prior to donation. Jennifer holds degrees in Law from Harvard University and Queen’s University, and served as clerk to the Hon. Mr. Justice John Sopinka of the Supreme Court of Canada.

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Nathan Cortez

Nathan Cortez

Professor
Dedman School of Law, U.S.A.

Professor Cortez, a Gerald J. Ford Research Fellow and the inaugural Adelfa Botello Callejo Endowed Professor of Law in Leadership and Latino Studies, teaches and writes in the areas of health law, administrative law, and FDA law. His research focuses on emerging markets in health care and biotechnology. Prof. Cortez has become one of the world’s leading legal scholars on medical tourism and other cross-border health markets, and has published several articles and book chapters on the legal and ethical implications of these phenomena. His research also addresses mobile health technologies and big data analytics, how to regulate innovation under aging regulatory frameworks, the First Amendment constraints on FDA regulation, immigration federalism, and alternative modes of regulation.

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Michael Da Silva

Michael Da Silva

Senior Research Associate
Faculty of Law
University of Ottawa

Michael Da Silva is the Alex Trebek Postdoctoral Fellow in A.I. and Health Care in the University of Ottawa Faculty of Law and a Research Associate on this project. Michael is also affiliated with the Centre for Health Law, Policy and Ethics and the Centre for Law, Technology, and Society. He previously served as a CIHR Banting Postdoctoral Fellow in the McGill University Faculty of Law and Institute for Health and Social Policy. In addition to A.I., his research interests include health law, policy, and ethics; public law; moral philosophy; and the intersections between them. His first book is The Pluralist Right to Health Care: A Framework and Case Study (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2021). His other publications include pieces in Public Health Ethics, the Journal of Value Inquiry, the Michigan Journal of International Law, and the Review of Constitutional Studies.

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Saira David

Saira David

Director, Policy and International Programs for Health Canada
Medical Devices Directorate
Health Canada

Saira David is the Director of the Office of Policy and International Programs where she leads the development of medical device policy files, as well as guidances and notices for industry. Her team provides support to various Scientific Advisory Committees, is responsible for industry and international stakeholder engagement and oversees the international engagement on medical devices including collaboration activities, such as the International Medical Devices Regulator Forum (IMDRF), Medical Device Single Audit Program and the Regulatory Cooperation Council. She obtained her Bachelor of Laws from Dalhousie University and her Master’s in Health Administration from the University of Ottawa. Before she joined the Federal Government, she worked in the provincial government, an NGO and at Sunnybrook Hospital. Prior to joining the Medical Devices Directorate, Saira led the implementation of plain and standardized packaging regulations and the development of new health warnings and health information messages for tobacco products.

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Vincent Dumez

Vincent Dumez

Co-Director and patient partner
Centre of Excellence on Partnering with Patients and the Public (CEPPP)
Université de Montréal

Vincent Dumez, MSc, holds a finance degree and a Master’s degree in Management Science from Montreal’s international business school, Hautes Études Commerciales. Until 2010, he was an associate in one of Montreal’s most influential consulting firms, specializing in organizational design. Living with three chronic diseases for more than three decades, and thus a significant user of healthcare services, Mr. Dumez has been actively involved in developing the concept of patient partnership. He has pursued the development of patient partners by training patients with chronic diseases, working on the boards of various community organizations and speaking in workshops and conferences addressed to healthcare professionals. Since 2016 Mr. Dumez co-directs the Centre of Excellence on Partnering with Patients and the Public of University of Montreal.

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Abdulmotaleb El Saddik

Abdulmotaleb El Saddik

Professor
School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
University of Ottawa

Abdulmotaleb El Saddik's research focus is on the establishment of Digital Twins to facilitates the well-being of citizens using AI, AR/VR and Tactile Internet, allowing people to interact in real-time with one another as well as with their digital representation. He has authored and co-authored 10 books and more than 550 publications and chaired more than 50 conferences and workshop. He has received research grants and contracts totaling more than $18 M. He has supervised more than 120 researchers and received several international awards including ACM Distinguished Scientist, Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada, Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineers, Fellow of IEEE, IEEE I&M Technical Achievement Award, IEEE Canada C.C. Gotlieb (Computer) Medal and A.G.L. McNaughton Gold Medal.

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Colin Gavaghan

Colin Gavaghan

Director
Centre for Law and Policy in Emerging Technologies
University of Otago, New Zealand

Colin is the first director of the New Zealand Law Foundation sponsored Centre for Law and Policy in Emerging Technologies. The Centre examines the legal, ethical and policy issues around new technologies. To date, the Centre has carried out work on biotechnology, nanotechnology, information and communication technologies and artificial intelligence. In addition to emerging technologies, Colin lectures and writes on medical and criminal law. Colin regularly advises on matters of technology and regulation. He is first Chair of the NZ Police’s Advisory Panel on Emergent Technologies, and a member of the Digital Council for Aotearoa, which advises the Government on digital technologies. He is a frustrated writer of science fiction, but compensates with occasional appearances on panels at SF conventions.

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Jennifer Gibson

Jennifer Gibson

Director
University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics

Professor Jennifer Gibson is Sun Life Financial Chair in Bioethics and Director, Joint Centre for Bioethics at the University of Toronto. Jennifer has a PhD in Philosophy (bioethics and political theory). Her program of research and teaching focuses on health system and policy ethics. She is particularly interested in the role and interaction of values in decision-making at different levels in the health system. Jennifer has advised government on policy issues such as public health emergencies, critical care triage, drug funding and supply, and medical assistance in dying. She has chaired numerous advisory groups and panels national and international, for example the Provincial-Territorial Expert Advisory Group on Physician-Assisted Dying, which informed the development of Canada's legal framework for medical assistance in dying.

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Vanessa Gruben

Vanessa Gruben

Professor of Law
University of Ottawa

Vanessa Gruben B.Sc.H (Queen’s), LL.B. (Ottawa), LL.M. (Columbia) is an Associate Professor at the University of Ottawa, Faculty of Common Law and a member of the Centre for Health Law, Policy and Ethics.  Her research and writing focuses on the legal and ethical issues arising from the use of assisted reproductive technologies. Professor Gruben’s work also explores the regulation of health professionals and in particular, the role that regulatory colleges should play in addressing the challenges associated with the use of artificial intelligence in health care. Professor Gruben is a co-editor of the 5th edition of Canadian Health Law and Policy, Canada’s leading health law text. She has previously published in a number of peer-reviewed journals including the Yale Journal of Law & Technology. She is formerly a member of the Health Professions Appeal and Review Board. Professor Gruben’s research has been funded by SSHRC, CIHR, Canadian Blood Services and the Law Foundation of Ontario.

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Lorian Hardcastle

Lorian Hardcastle

Professor
Faculty of Law
University of Calgary

Lorian Hardcastle is an Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Law at the University of Calgary, with a joint appointment to the Department of Community Health Sciences in the Cumming School of Medicine. She is also a member of the One Health Consortium, O’Brien Institute for Public Health, and Conjoint Health Research Ethics Board at the University of Calgary. Lorian obtained her JD with Health Law and Policy Specialization Certificate from Dalhousie University, and her LLM and SJD from the University of Toronto. She also completed a fellowship at the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University Law Center.

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Simon Hatcher

Simon Hatcher

Professor of Psychiatry
University of Ottawa

Simon Hatcher is currently a Full Professor of Psychiatry at The University of Ottawa. He worked for 18 years in Auckland, New Zealand as a clinical academic running a Liaison Psychiatry service in Waitemata Health and at The Department of Psychological Medicine at The University of Auckland. His main research interests include suicide, self-harm, psychotherapies, psychiatry in the general hospital setting and e-therapies. He has been the principal investigator in several large trials of non-pharmacological interventions in people who present to hospital with intentional self-harm.

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Matthew Herder

Matthew Herder

Professor
Schulich School of Law

Professor Herder teaches primarily in the Faculty of Medicine, across the undergraduate and postgraduate curriculums, on a variety of health law topics, including informed consent, patient-physician confidentiality, and regulation of the medical profession. Prior to arriving at Dalhousie, he taught in the areas of bioethics and intellectual property law at Loyola University Chicago’s School of Law.

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Calvin Ho

Calvin Ho

Co-Director, Centre for Medical Ethics
University of Hong Kong

Calvin WL Ho is Associate Professor with the Department of Law, and Co-Director of the Centre for Medical Ethics, at the University of Hong Kong (HKU). His research relates primarily to the governance of emergent health technologies (with focus on AI and digital health), and global health. In this connection, his research has been published in top tier journals, and he is the author of Juridification in Bioethics (Imperial College Press, 2016). He recently published on the regulatory governance of AI as medical devices and served as an expert reviewer of the World Health Organization’s guidance on "Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence for Health". Prior to joining HKU, he taught at the National University of Singapore, and was Co-Head of the WHO Collaborating Centre on Bioethics in Singapore.

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Tanya Horsley

Tanya Horsley

Associate Director, Research Unit
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada

Dr. Horsley is the Associate Director, Research Unit at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and faculty in the School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa. Prior to joining the Royal College, she was a Scientist at the Chalmers Research Institute and completed a Post-Doctoral Fellowship at the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta with a focus on systematic review & meta-analysis. Dr. Horsley leads an emerging program of research looking at the formalization of integrated knowledge translation for the co-creation, use and influence of research and complex systems of care with a particular focus on multi-stakeholder engagement and organizational contexts.  Tanya is dedicated to improving the standards for reporting research and has co-authored several internationally recognized reporting guidelines.

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Florian Martin-Bariteau

Florian Martin-Bariteau

Director
Centre for Law, Technology and Society
University of Ottawa

Dr. Florian Martin-Bariteau is an Associate Professor of Law and Technology at the Faculty of Law and the Director of the Centre for Law, Technology and Society at the University of Ottawa. A technologist and creative turned legal scholar, his research focuses on technology law, ethics and policy, with a special interest in blockchain, artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, whistleblowers and intellectual property. Recipient of the 2019 Common Law Emergent Researcher Award, Dr. Florian Martin-Bariteau is an internationally recognized thought leader on technology policy, engaged in shaping frameworks that safeguard rights and liberties in the digital context. His research is funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) of Canada, as well as by several foundations and philanthropic gifts. Building on and developing his doctoral work, his first book, Le droit de marque, was the runner-up for the 2018 Walter Owen Book Prize celebrating Canada’s best legal publications. Dr. Martin-Bariteau serves on the Board of Directors of the NCE SERENE-RISC, Canada’s smart cybersecurity network.

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Jason Millar

Jason Millar

Canada Research Chair in the Ethical Engineering of Robotics and AI
University of Ottawa

Jason Millar holds the Canada Research Chair in the Ethical Engineering of Robotics and AI at the University of Ottawa’s School of Engineering Design and Teaching Innovation. His work is regularly featured in the media, including articles in WIRED and The Guardian, and interviews with the BBC, CBC and NPR. He recently authored a chapter titled Social Failure Modes in Technology and the Ethics of AI: An Engineering Perspective, for the Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI, and co-authored a chapter on Hacking Metaphors in technology governance for the Oxford Handbook on the Law and Regulation of Technology.

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Oliver Quick

Oliver Quick

Co-Director
Centre for Health, Law and Society
University of Bristol, U.K.

Dr Oliver Quick is Reader in Law and Co-Director of the Centre for Health, Law and Society at the University of Bristol. His monograph Patient Safety: The End of Professional Dominance? (Cambridge University Press, 2017) was shortlisted for the St Petersburg International Legal Forum Book Prize. Oliver has also written widely about the application of Gross Negligence Manslaughter in healthcare, having studied the work of Crown Prosecutors and Expert Witnesses in this context. His research was heavily cited in the Independent review of gross negligence manslaughter and culpable homicide established by the General Medical Council. He is currently working on projects investigating the concept of seriousness in professional fitness to practise cases and the role of law in improving the safety of maternity care. He is a member of the Bristol, North Somerset and South Gloucestershire Health and Care Risk Group.

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Devin Singh

Devin Singh

Physician (Emergency Medicine)
Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto

Dr. Devin Singh is a practicing Paediatric Emergency Medicine Physician from the Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) in Toronto. He completed his undergraduate studies at Western University in medical sciences and went to work for the Ontario Provincial Government as a business analyst. Afterwards, he attended medical school at the University of Sydney, Australia with his paediatric residency and emergency medicine subspecialty training at SickKids Hospital. He also completed an additional fellowship in Clinical AI. His research focuses on the use of machine learning to solve some of healthcare’s largest problems. He is the Physician Lead for Clinical Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning at SickKids for the Division of Emergency Medicine and has obtained a Masters of Computer Science from the University of Toronto. Most recently he founded Hero AI, an innovative HealthTech start-up dedicated to empowering patients and healthcare providers with AI.

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Bryan Thomas

Bryan Thomas

Research Associate
Faculty of Law
University of Ottawa

Bryan Thomas is a Senior Research Associate with the Centre for Health Law, Policy and Ethics and Adjunct Professor with the Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa. His research spans a wide range of topics including Canadian and comparative health law and policy, health rights litigation, long-term care, global health law, and the role of religious argument in legal and political discourse. Dr. Thomas holds an SJD from University of Toronto and a Master’s degree in philosophy from Dalhousie.

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Kumanan Wilson

Kumanan Wilson

Physician
Department of Medicine

The Ottawa Hospital / Bruyère


Dr. Kumanan Wilson is a specialist in General Internal Medicine at The Ottawa Hospital and Innovation Advisor for Bruyère. He is also a Professor and Faculty of Medicine Clinical Research Chair in Digital Health Innovation at the University of Ottawa, and a member of the University of Ottawa Centre for Health Law, Policy and Ethics. Dr. Wilson is also the CEO and founder of CANImmunize, a science-based technology company specializing in immunization software that spun out from The Ottawa Hospital in 2019. Dr. Wilson’s research focuses on digital health, immunization, pandemic preparedness and public health policy and innovation. His research on immunization has explored social media’s impact on vaccine hesitancy, evaluation of vaccine safety using health services data and vaccine policy, including advocating for vaccine injury compensation. Other research interests include blood safety and newborn screening, health ethics, law and policy.

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