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Information technology and apps
Genetic technology, CRISPR
Artificial intelligence (AI)


Health Technology Assessment and the Law

Health Technology Assessment and the Law

Colleen Flood

Major health technology assessment (HTA) bodies in Canada assess the value of new health technologies like drugs, devices, and digital health tools, and make recommendations to government about what to include (and exclude) from public medicare. Their work is critically important to the overall fairness, legitimacy and sustainability of Canadian medicare. In this project we describe and analyze the extent to which Canadian HTA bodies have considered important legal issues. We are working with representatives of HTA bodies from other countries, and international HTA scholars, to create and test tools that will equip HTA bodies to identify and prioritize legal issues for deeper analysis.

Machine M.D.

Machine M.D.

Colleen Flood, Kumanan Wilson, Jason Millar, Céline Castets-Renard, Simon Hatcher, Vanessa Gruben, Jennifer Chandler

Artificial Intelligence (AI) will rapidly transform our healthcare system. Already AI devices and applications are being used to support patients in prevention and health promotion, track patient data, triage care, scan medical images, diagnose disease, and make treatment decisions. At the same, there is great uncertainty as to whether Canada’s legal and governance structures are equipped to address the diverse concerns raised by AI health technologies. This projects seeks to create a set of policy options for the optimal governance of AI technologies in healthcare. The project is a collaboration between scholars, innovators, decision-makers, and medical personnel across a number of different countries.


Recent Publications

Social Failure Modes in Technology and the Ethics of AI: An Engineering Perspective
Jason Millar. The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI. 2020.

Vinyl or digital medicine?
Kumanan Wilson. CMAJ. 2020. (OPEN ACCESS)

Report on Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Digital Technologies
Colleen Flood (co-author). Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada Task Force on Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Digital Technologies. 2020. (OPEN ACCESS)

Under-immunization of the solid organ transplant population: An urgent problem with potential digital health solutions
Kumanan Wilson (co-author). American Journal of Transplantation. 2019.

Effectiveness of digital technologies at improving vaccine uptake and series completion - A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Kumanan Wilson (co-author). Vaccine. 2019.

RecoverNow: A mobile tablet-based therapy platform for early stroke rehabilitation
Kumanan Wilson (co-author). Plos ONE. 2019. (OPEN ACCESS)

Accountability in AI: Promoting Greater Social Trust
Jason Millar (co-author). G7 Multi-Stakeholder Conference on Artificial Intelligence: Enabling Responsible Adoption of AI. 2018. (OPEN ACCESS)

Régulation des algorithmes et gouvernance du machine learning : vers une transparence et « explicabilité » des décisions algorithmiques ?
Céline Castets-Renard. Revue Droit & Affaires, Revue Paris II Assas, 15ème édition. 2018. (SSRN OPEN ACCESS).

Interventions to help people understand community immunity: A systematic review
Kumanan Wilson (co-author). Vaccine. 2018.

Healthcare provider perspectives on the uptake of the human papillomavirus vaccine among newcomers to Canada: A qualitative study
Kumanan Wilson (co-author). Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2018. (OPEN ACCESS)

Agile research to complement agile development: A proposal for an mHealth research lifecycle
Kumanan Wilson (co-author). NPJ Digital Medicine. 2018. (OPEN ACCESS)

Health data and privacy in the digital era
Kumanan Wilson (co-author). JAMA. 2018.

Acceptability of a mobile clinical decision tool amongst Emergency Department clinicians: development and evaluation of The Ottawa Rules App
Kumanan Wilson (co-author). JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2018. (OPEN ACCESS)

Psychosocial Factors of Health Professionals' Intention to Use a Decision Aid for Down Syndrome Screening: Cross-Sectional Quantitative Study
Brenda Wilson (co-author). J Med Internet Res. 2018. (OPEN ACCESS)

Mobile cell phone technology puts the future of health care in our hands
Kumanan Wilson. CMAJ. 2018. (OPEN ACCESS)

Immunization and technology. A needs assessment survey for a Vaccine Tracking App
Kumanan Wilson (co-author). Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2018. (OPEN ACCESS)

CANImmunize – A Digital Tool to Help Patients Manage their Immunizations
Kumanan Wilson (co-author). Canadian Pharmacists Journal. 2017. (OPEN ACCESS)

Using Mobile Apps to communicate vaccination records: A city-wide evaluation with a national immunization app, maternal child registry and public health authorities
Kumanan Wilson (co-author). Healthcare Quarterly. 2017.

Connecting remote populations to public health: the case for a digital immunization information system in Nunavut
Kumanan Wilson (co-author). International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2017. (OPEN ACCESS)

Mobile Tablet-Based Stroke Rehabilitation: Using mHealth Technology to Improve Access to Early Stroke Rehabilitation
Kumanan Wilson (co-author). International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies. 2017. (OPEN ACCESS)

Controversy and debate on clinical genomics sequencing-paper 3: response to "clinical genome-wide sequencing: do not throw out the baby with the bathwater"
Brenda Wilson (co-author). J Clin Epidemiol. 2017.

Controversy and debate on clinical genomics sequencing-paper 1: genomics is not exceptional: rigorous evaluations are necessary for clinical applications of genomic sequencing
Brenda Wilson (co-author). J Clin Epidemiol. 2017.

A blueprint for the next generation of ELI research, training, and outreach in regenerative medicine
Brenda Wilson (co-author). Regenerative Medicine. 2017. (OPEN ACCESS)


Recent Media

Event Videos

Machine M.D. Keynote
Peter Asaro, Nathan Cortez, Joelle Pineau, Colleen M. Flood. May 2019.

Regulation Safety and Quality of AI in Healthcare
A. Michael Froomkin, Vanessa Gruben, Nathan Cortez. June 2019.

Protecting Privacy and Security in Machine Medicine
Florian Martin-Bariteau, Céline Castets-Renard, Teresa Scassa. June 2019.

Bias by AI
Jason Millar, Catherine Régis. June 2019.

From AI Innovation to Healthcare Markets: Barriers and Facilitators
Dr. Kumanan Wilson, Frank Rudzicz, Mari Teitelbaum, Patricia Kosseim. June 2019.

AI in Healthcare: Neurotechnologies
Jennifer Chandler, Tiago Mestre, Adam Sachs. June 2019.

Compassionate Care in an Era of AI: Adapting Health Professions Education
Brian Hodges, Nicolas P. Terry. June 2019.

Assistive Technology as Health Care: Promises and Cautions to the Aging Population
Katherine Wayne, Hajer Chalghoumi. Nov 2017.